There are four different hair types, straight, wavy, curly and kinky curly. Each of these types can be divided into three subtypes, A, B and C. Your hair type simply references whether you have straight or curly hair and is based on the classifications of the shape of the hairs fibers. Once you understand the different hair textures and types, you'll learn to take better care of your hair!
STRAIGHT ( TYPE 1)
Those with naturally straight hair often have fine hair, and have one of the strongest hair types.
Straight hair has little to no wave and is resistant to curling, usually requiring the use of chemicals for a more lasting result. Those with straight hair struggle with combatting oily scalp. This is due to the scalp's sebum which travels down the hair shaft at a faster rate, compared to those with wavy or curly hair, easily hydrating each strand. This is why those with straight hair give off a glossy appearance. Straight hair can be further divided into three categories.
Those with this hair type have soft and fine hair that may feel oily and limp at times and may experience difficulty holding a wave or curl.
Those with this hair type still have straight hair but have thicker hair with a Medium texture. This means that this hair type is able to hold a wave or curl and achieve more volume, usually with the assistance of hair products.
Those with this hair type still have straight hair but have thick and coarse hair that slightly resembles a wave pattern. This hair type gives off a very glossy appearance making it difficult to keep long lasting curls.
TIP: Wash hair 3-4x week. Try using a dry shampoo to refresh in between wash days.
WAVY (TYPE 2) Those with naturally wavy hair have a pattern that resembles "S" shaped curls. Those with this hair type generally have thicker hair than those with TYPE 1 hair. Generally, those with wavy hair can still have fine, thin and somewhat coarse hair. Wavy hair gives off a glossy look and experiences less oily scalp. At times, it is not uncommon to experience dry scalp with this hair type or even lack of volume. Those with wavy hair find that it is easy to experience frizz and require a bit more effort in care to achieve perfect waves.
Those with this hair type have slight waves, and can still have fine, medium or coarse hair and may find it a bit more easier to style
Those with this hair type have visible waves with thick hair and a medium texture. This hair type can experience more frizz.
Those with this hair type have very visible waves that can even take the form of curls and have thick coarse hair. This hair type can be prone to frizz and at times difficult to style. However, this hair type takes well curling with the right products.
In this case, it can benefit from hydrating products such as a moisturizing shampoo or deep conditioner.
TIP: Use a hydrating shampoo and conditioner to ensure moisture is being retained during wash days and deep condition at least 1x week to maintain and seal in moisture. If you want texture and definition you may consider using products that texturize and add volume. Want to take it up a notch? Try using heat tools to Turn Up the Volume for waves/curls to be envied.
CURLY (TYPE 3)
Those with naturally curly hair have tresses that range from loose to tightly curled. Curly girls are presented with challenges such as dryness, frizz, lack of curl definition and shrinkage. This is because the scalp's sebum is unable to completely travel down the hair shaft. Those with curly hair should take care when using heat tools as excess heat can lead to breakage and hair damage. Those with TYPE 3 hair should ensure their hair gets proper moisture and avoid overwashing as frequent washing can lead to dryness and breakage. This hair type needs moisture to thrive. It is highly recommended for those with TYPE 3 hair to use products that hydrate and add moisture. Deep conditioning is recommended at least 1x week.
Those with this hair type have springy curls that may evolve into waves
Those with this hair type may have a combination of curly and kinky curly hair.
Those with this hair type generally have very coiled curls or kinks
TIP: Use a protective style, bonnet, or satin pillowcase while sleeping to avoid friction.
KINKY CULY/VERY CURLY (TYPE 4)
Those with kinky curly or very curly hair have a unique hair pattern, with tight curls that may be coarse. These curls are sensitive and most fragile and are prone to breakage. Those with this hair type struggle with shrinkage, causing the hair to appear shorter than what it actually is, and dryness. This is because the scalp's sebum is unable to completely travel down the hair shaft.
Those with this hair type have hair that is soft, and resembles mini curls that are tight and defined.
Those with this hair type have tight and less defined curls unitl the end of the hair strand. This hair type is soft and fragile.
Those with this hair type struggle with shrinkage and have curls that are so tight they may not appear to be curly.
TIP: Avoid washing frequently. Washing 1x week is sufficient for those with this hair type. A hair mask and deep conditioning treatment is recommended weekly. Wear the hair in protective styles, and sleep with a bonnet or satin pillowcase to avoid friction while sleeping.